Taxonomy of Coffea arabica
Kingdom : Plantae (Tumbuhan)
Phylum : Spermatophyta (Menghasilkan biji)
Divisio : Magnoliophyta (Tumbuhan berbunga)
Class : Magnoliopsida (dikotil)
Subclass : Asteridae
Ordo : Rubiales
Famili : Rubiaceae (suku kopi-kopian)
Genus : Coffea
According the entry history of Coffea arabica to Indonesia, coffee that are planted and grown on the island of Java is very diverse. Our farmers managed to do rejuvenation, cultivation, and maintenance of a particular varieties type of Coffea arabica. Several types of coffee that we has cultivated are …
Sigararuntang is the result of a natural cross (hybrid) among Hibrido de Timor (HdT) with Bourbon.
Around 1708, the Netherlands gives Typica coffee seedlings to France. Begin in 1715, France cultivate typica seedlings on the island of Réunion (formerly known as Bourbon Island). In this Island, typica coffee seedlings are growing well and the harvest increased by 30%. However, the coffee plants mutated genetically because influenced by natural conditions.
Typica mutated produce shorter trees. The fruits are relatively smaller, denser and ripe faster. The ripe fruits are red, yellow, to orange and has a sweeter taste. The fruit is at risk of falling out when it rains or is windy.
The fruit is so fragile but it can produce a cup of coffee with classic enjoyment. Therefore, bourbon is often referred as “the coffee of coffee”.
Yellow CatturaIn 1937, Instituto Agronomico of Campinas (IAC) in Brazil has developed a coffee plant named Cattura. This coffee plant is a mutation of Red Bourbon and developed in order to have high yields. This plants grow small and not too big. Quantity will be low if the plant grown in the highlands but the best in terms of quality.
Crosses between Typica coffee plants and Liberika.
Crosses between Mundo Novo coffee plants and Yellow Caturra.